by Mary Moran, ChildFund Senior Program Specialist, Early Childhood Development
Earlier this week, I was at World Bank headquarters for the launch of the new Lancet series on early childhood development as a global concern. These studies follow up on new evidence about the impact of early childhood development programs and the risks young children face in their development. They also highlight what things give children some form of protection even when they live in environments of extreme poverty, face high rates of malnutrition or lack stimulation.
Recent evidence demonstrates significant risk for young children’s development when
- their mothers are depressed
- they live in families where someone has HIV or they are infected themselves
- they have had multiple bouts of malaria
- they are exposed to violence of any type — within their families, in their communities, or their country is in conflict
- they have inadequate developmental stimulation
- their growth prenatally has not been adequate
- they live in institutions.
However, children are protected when
- they have good interaction with their caregivers (parents)
- their mothers have more education
- they are breastfed
- their physical and social environments offer them good stimulation.
ChildFund’s Early Childhood Development programs address these risks and protective features through:
- parenting education and support programs
- caregiver-child interaction groups and home-based services targeted toward building strong relationships
- integrated programs for young children living in HIV-affected environments
- enhanced nutrition and health programs that promote breastfeeding while supporting good interaction and feeding relationships
- play groups and preschools
- successful community deinstitutionalization programs and supporting government-sponsored foster care and adoption systems
- identification of children at developmental risk through screening with our innovative child development scale
- malaria and HIV prevention
- promoting family mental health
- adult education
- promoting girls education and reducing gender discrimination
- aid to marginalized groups to be included in all programs and community life.
For additional reading, you’ll find the article series, on the website of the Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development (ChildFund is an active member of this group).